Deva is the capital city of Hunedoara County, Romania. It is located in the historical region of Transylvania, on the left bank of the Mureș River.
Deva is situated in the central part of Hunedoara County, on the left bank of the middle course of the Mureș River, 187 m above sea level. The city administers four villages: Archia (Árki), Bârcea Mică (Kisbarcsa), Cristur (Csernakeresztúr) and Sântuhalm (Szántóhalma).
According to the last census, from 2011, there were 56,647 people living within the city of Deva, making it the 37th largest city in Romania. The ethnic makeup is as follows: Romanians: 89.67%; Hungarians: 7.79%; Roma: 1.6%; Other: 0.91%.
It is hypothesized that the name of the city comes from the Dacian word "dava", meaning city or fortress. Other theories claim that the name was given by the Roman legion who moved on the territory of the current city from the Deva Victrix castrum (nowadays Chester in England). The earliest mentions date from 1269, as "castro Dewa". On mediaeval maps, the name Deva or Dewan are used.
The city is placed in a depression and benefits from the mildest climate in Transylvania as it is sheltered from the winds. Along the Mures river come Mediterranean influences. The summer is not excessively hot, and the winter is mild, without freezing cold.
- Official website (RO)
- Wikipedia page